Allanblackia floribunda is an evergreen Tree growing to 25 m (82ft) by 20 m (65ft) at a fast rate. It is hardy to zone (UK) The flowers are pollinated by Insects. The useful plants of west tropical Africa, Vol 2. Names. Allanblackia floribunda Oliv. [family GUTTIFERAE]. Allanblackia parviflora A. Chev. [family GUTTIFERAE] . Native geographic distributions of (a) Allanblackia floribunda; (b) A. parviflora; and (c) A. stuhlmannii. Maps reprinted with permission from.
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Selection criteria include seed and fruit size and abundance, and tree size and structure. Received Jul 27; Accepted Aug When ingested, these phytochemicals have the potential to act as pharmacological agents, florjbunda could prevent the development of or be used to treat chronic disease. Nutritional analyses indicated that the seeds contained 4.
Properties The seeds contain a fat that is solid at ambient temperatures. In their application to include Allanblackia seed oil in vegetable-based spreads, submitted inUnilever Deutschland GmbH indicated that some batches of the unrefined seed oil contained benzophenone derivatives i. Allanblackia floribunda Allanblackia Floribunda Seed Oil. Diseases and pests The fruits and seeds are eaten by many wild animals and losses are great unless mature fruits are collected frequently.
In general, tree crop yields can be affected by seasonal climatic changes, as floeibunda as environmental factors such as the use of herbicides, fungicides, or pesticides e. More modern hydraulic and screw press equipment is now also used. Effect of a stearic acid—rich, structured triacylglycerol on plasma lipid concentrations. Sapotaceaemaking it a valuable and useful raw material in both the food and cosmetic industries.
Edible nuts of the world. Always seek advice from a professional before using a plant medicinally. To extract the fat, seeds are dried and crushed; the resulting mass is mixed with water and boiled until the fat separates and floats to the surface, from where it is scooped off[ ].
Allanblackia parviflora also referred to as vegetable tallow tree has been frequently confused with A. Composition, Properties and Uses. Dry wood saws well, but green wood may spring on conversion. Fruits take nearly a year to mature and ripe fruits are also found during a large part of the year[ ].
Small twigs are used as chew-sticks or toothpicks[ ]. Mkangea species endemic to Tanzania, is distributed from Tanga in the North-East Highlands to the Iringa Region in the Southern Highlands, throughout the Eastern Arc Mountains, and occurs in mid-elevation evergreen sub-montane and montane forests. It is common on strongly leached, acid soils with pH 3. Effects of diets containing high or low amounts of stearic acid on plasma lipoprotein fractions and fecal fatty acid excretion of men.
Currently, an international market chain for the seed and fat of Allanblackia floribunda is being established in Nigeria. It prefers a mean annual rainfall in the range allanblsckia, – 2,mm[ ].
Springer Verlag; Berlin, Germany: In Nigeria it is used in construction of local houses. Incentives for Ecoagriculture Landscapes. It prefers moist soil. The natural compound guttiferone F sensitizes prostate cancer to starvation induced apoptosis via calcium and JNK elevation. Inthe European Food Safety Authority deemed Allanblackia seed oil described as oil derived from the seeds of A. Int J Mol Sci.
Interestingly, the heated oil extracted from the seeds is used as a liniment to treat rheumatism, rubbed into sore joints, or dabbed on wounds and rashes [ 49 ]. It is estimated that Nigeria produced about 50 t of allanblackia oil in Conclusions Species of the genus Allanblackia Clusiaceae are currently the focus of a high degree of attention, due to interest in the consumption and commercial exploitation of the seed oils.
The major triglyceride component were determined as 2-oleostearin Several studies and surveys have been conducted in recent years to assess the socioeconomic progress associated with the establishment of a supply chain for Allanblackia oil [ 203031 ]. Common in the wild on strongly leached, acid soils with pH 3. The fruit is large, up to 30cm long by 10cm in diameter with upward of seeds borne within in a translucent mucilage[ ].
Under natural conditions, trees start flowering after about 12 years, with the flowering occurring during a large part of the year. The seed oil from A.
One study, however, has been conducted with A. Allanblackia floribunda Type of Allanblackia floribunda A prenylated xanthone from Allanblackia floribunda.
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The seeds are eaten in times of food scarcity and are also used as bait florubunda traps for small game. The seed oils of two species of Allanblackia occurring in Cameroon, A. It is estimated that Nigeria produced about 50 t of allanblackia oil in Only traces of other fatty acids are present.
Additionally, few studies have specifically focused on the roles of these flofibunda in preventive strategies e. Collection of seed from wild stands is possible, but its economical viability is poor, except possibly in areas where Allanblackia floribunda is most common.