Henry Dixon Cowell was an American composer, music theorist, pianist, teacher, publisher, Another novel method advanced by Cowell, in pieces such as Aeolian Harp (ca. ), was what he dubbed “string piano”—rather than using the. Print and download in PDF or MIDI Aeolian Harp. Henry Cowell’s Aeolian Harp ( ) was one of the first piano pieces ever to feature. Henry Cowell. Publisher: AMP. Aeolian Harp (). Publisher. Associated Music Publishers Inc. Category. Solo Keyboard(s). Year Composed.

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In the spirit of this, in an Aeolian harp was constructed at the Burning Man festival. The quality of sound depends on many factors, including the lengths, gauges, and types of strings, the character of the wind, and the material of the resonating body. No longer an artistic radical, Cowell nonetheless retained a progressive bent and continued to be a leader along with Harrison and McPhee in the incorporation of non-Western musical idioms, as in the Japanese-inflected OngakuSymphony No.

Interpreters of the piece are invited to simultaneously perform two coowell even three versions of the same movement cowel, multiple pianos. Cowell was granted a pardon in There is no percussive aspect uarp the sound like that produced by a wind chime; rather crescendos and decrescendos of harmonic frequencies are played in rhythm to the winds.

Jazz Latin New Age. Aeolian harps are featured in at least two Romantic-era poems: Cowell wrote several original compositions for the instrument, including an orchestrated concerto, and Theremin built two more models. Correct dating and orthography of titles throughout is based on the standard musicography, The Music of Henry Cowell: It was on one of these tours that inhis friend Richard Buhlig introduced Cowell to young pianist Grete Sultan in Coewll.

In these works, the pianist is instructed to strum with the left hand directly on the strings of a grand piano, controlling the chords played by silently pressing down the necessary keys with the right hand. By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. The Aeolian harp stop is not a aeokian — it is simply a rank of pipes using a low wind pressure and voiced to imitate the sound of the real instrument.

The liner notes to the Folkways Henry Cowell: He studied Carnatic theory and gamelanas well, with leading instructors from South India P. The strings can be made of different materials or thicknesses and all be tuned to the same pitchor identical strings can aaeolian tuned to different pitches.


The piece does, in terms of structure, anticipate minimalist procedures, and an interpretation by Steffen Schleiermacher from is simultaneously metronomic and jazzy in a way that reveals its kinship with the work of Steve Reichin particular. Gay American Composers-Volume 2. Despite the break in his friendship with Ives, Cowell, in collaboration with his wife, wrote the first major study of Ives’s music and provided crucial support to Harrison as his former pupil championed the Ives rediscovery.

These early experiences helped form his unusually eclectic musical outlook, exemplified by his famous statement “I want to live in the whole world of music. Add to this massive production his long and influential career as a pedagogue, and Henry Cowell’s achievement becomes impressive indeed.

An Aeolian harp also wind harp is a musical instrument that is played by the wind. These stops are cowelk the softest found on pipe organs.

Henry Cowell

Kwabena Nketiaand Irwin Swack [32] were among his postwar students—and served as a consultant to Folkways Records for over a decade cowelp in the early s, writing liner notes aeo,ian editing such collections as Music of the World’s Peoples —61 he also hosted a radio ahrp of the same name [33] and Primitive Music of the World Given that a harrp of the dates listed for Cowell’s piano aeklian in the Folkways liner notes are incorrect see Hicks [], p.

If there is wind, this monumental harp produces audible sounds up to a distance of about four meters. AMP first published Aeolian Harp as a piece of sheet music in Cowell’s cause had been taken up by composers and musicians around the country, aeoliian a few, including Ives, broke contact with him. Houghton Mifflin and Company. But aelian his own recording, Cowell expresses a torment, through jagged tempi and ambivalent dynamics all clearly purposefulthat renders Anger Dance very different in character from the work of the American minimalists.

While receiving no formal musical education and little schooling of any kind beyond his mother’s home tutelagehe began to compose in his mid-teens. This page was last edited on 2 Decemberat Oja; part of the American Composers Orchestra website. In Cowell founded the periodical New Music Quarterlywhich would publish many significant new scores under his editorship, both by the ultra-modernists and many others, including Ernst Bacon, Otto LueningPaul Bowlesand Aaron Copland.

Cowell had contributed to the Eiffel Tower project at the behest of Cage, who was not alone in lending support to his friend and former teacher. He died in in Shady, New Yorkafter a series of illnesses. Rainy Day Relaxation Road Trip. Retrieved from ” https: His experiments begun three decades ago in rhythm, in harmony, and in instrumental sonorities were considered then by many aellian be wild.


Cowell was elected to the American Institute of Arts and Letters in He built on his substantial oeuvre of chamber music, with pieces such as the Adagio for Cello and Thunder Stick that explored unusual instrumentation and others that were even more progressive: In he recorded searching, vivid performances of twenty of his seminal cowfll pieces for a Folkways album.

In MayCowell was arrested on a “morals” charge for allegedly having oral sex with a seventeen-year-old boy. Inhe further arranged the melody and chords, combined as a work by that same title for violin and piano, for violinist Joseph Szigetibut also known as Celestial Violin, HC a.

A Week on the Concord and Merrimack Rivers. The twenty-four measures of the Larghetto and the eight of the Trio are each modular; though Cowell offers some suggestions, any hypothetically may be included or not and played once or repeatedly, allowing the piece to stretch or contract at the performers’ will—the practical goal being to give a choreographer freedom to adjust the length and character of a dance piece without the usual constraints imposed by a prewritten musical composition.

Aeolian Harp, HC (Cowell, Henry) – IMSLP/Petrucci Music Library: Free Public Domain Sheet Music

It is often placed in a slightly opened window where the wind can blow across the strings to produce sounds. The first entr’acte in Dmitri Shostakovich ‘s opera The Nose is scored for percussion ensemble.

Their vibrant timbres produce an ethereal, almost mystical, music that many people find alludes to higher realms. Cowell biographer Michael Hicks describes the work as one of Cowell’s “most prescient” and “proto-minimalist” p. Another novel method advanced by Cowell, in pieces such as Aeolian Harp ca. The acoustic part of this tool is composed of a frame that contains a copper harmonic case.

InChuck Hancock and Harry Bee recorded a giant foot-tall 9. Wikimedia Commons has media related to Aeolian Harps.