: El Fantasista () by HERNAN RIVERA LETELIER and a great selection of similar New, Used and Collectible Books available. Hernán Rivera Letelier is a Chilean novelist. Until the age of 11 he lived in the Algorta (Chile) ; El Fantasista (The Fantasista). ; Mi Nombre es. In this new novel, Rivera Letelier returns to his imaginary Pampa to bring us a moving win this momentous encounter –could this be the mysterious ” Fantasista”?.
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It centres on the obsession of the historical-mythical folk preacher El Cristo de Elqui the Christ of Elqui with making a disciple of a devout prostitute called Magalena Mercado. What the text reveals through the misanthropic dialogues and actions of the preacher is an uneasiness of identification, a need to go outside the topologic and topographic boundaries of the trope and, by extension, of the world of the salitrera.
He stayed in Antofagasta, alone, until he was about It is, instead, a metaphorical probe into structure of spatial change, as Rivera Letelier not only portrays but also redefines the space of the salitrera in contemporary Chilean literature. He wears the uniform of a popular team and is bowlegged due to a tumorous testicle that prevents him from running or standing straight. The language and the story are rather simple and I think this is hardly a masterpiece, but merely a source of light enjoyment, particularly for those familiar with the tons of chilean colloquial expressions throughout the book that can provoke laughter if one’s not too highly-sensitive to eventual vulgarities.
They are citizens of La Piojo and comulgate in the communal and functional spaces that are tracings of an urban secondspace. In the early 19th century, speculators discovered vast reserves of saltpeter in the Negreiras, Pampa Negra, and Zapiga regions, which contributed to a boom in exports of nitrates to Europe.
Their inhabitants, including the contadora, model their behavior, speech, and thought around the imported, larger-than-life cowboys, vedettes, and swash-bucklers that infiltrate the desert-space. The strike becomes the central axis around which the plot evolves, as El Cristo is increasingly viewed with suspicion as a leftist sympathizer who works against the interests of the multinationals. Critical Studies of Cities and Regions.
Want to Read saving…. In other projects Wikimedia Commons. The mystery surrounding the final days of El Cristo brings forth the action of resurrection, as the narrative comes full circle when Magalena leaves him and her dead chicken at the outskirts of La Piojo. The episteme of neocolonialism is not lost in the construction the desert space in this novel, as Rivera Letelier signals towards the notion of a global South that rises from the microcosm of the mining town.
Claudio Saavedra ‘s review Dec 16, We realize that the narrated setting is not as separated from broader discourses of power as we discover that the workers from Coya Sur, facing the closing-down of their mine and all its structures, must win a last derby game against the fear- some team of Coya Norte.
The number of brothels per town is reflected in the poor conditions of La Piojo, as: The subsequent anxiety of identification within the textual space of the desert, that is, its failure to be regulated by the confines of the desert trope, are equally applicable to the figures of the prostitute and messiah who, like the spatial referent, heavily deviate from their tropic boundaries.
The industry and the region was at the center of the Pacific War fought between Bolivia, Chile and Peru inas national in- terests in the lucrative nitrate and saltpeter industries rose to a boiling point. Retrieved from ” https: The protagonist of El Fantasista, for ketelier, bears no physical resemblance to the aesthetic trope of the fwntasista.
Hernán Rivera Letelier – Wikipedia
That is, the author strays from the primordial exercise of compare and contrast by imbuing these characters with an economic function, not unlike the superimposition of urbanized, neoliberal topologies onto the microcosmic towns and villages that the writer maps out, and which I will develop later. We can safely conjecture that his name collocates him with the many nameless Chileans who suffered economic hardship dur- ing the takeover of the salitreras and the subsequent failure of the industry.
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Search for a book to add a reference. By setting up a business away from the power structures of El Gringo and rivega multinationals, Magalena establishes an alternative economic structure that she envisions to be the foundation of a new town. This page was last edited on 5 Julyat The author, however, does not men- tion the other messiah figures that repeatedly crop up in his work.
Business is, in fact, better than ever as she is able to attract workers from all the surrounding feudal mining towns, thereby surmounting the in-built structural limitations of the urbanized salitreras. Like them he roams the landscape without hope or work, lacking a voice and relegated to fanrasista realm of those forgotten. The built-in contradictions to his advice annul him as a political affront to the forces of globalization and neoliberalism, yet place him outside the traditional ethics of the messiah.
To survive, he sold newspapers.
Though innocent of the accusation, El Cristo does react to a general strike organized by the labor union, citing the need for greater pay and less working hours. This detail perhaps explains the critical misreading of Rivera Letelier, as it is only through a symbolic and cartographic study of the La Piojo and other spaces such as Coya Sur can we begin to explore the urban secondspace and thirdspace of the salitreras.
Hernán Rivera Letelier
Rivera Letelier, however, deviates from the traditional and ethical juxtaposition of the two poles, and instead postures an economic reading of these charac- ters. Letelker inability to build a concise and coherent discourse against both the liberalized system of the mining companies and the theological principles of the church suggests an inherent displacement of the subject. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia.