Cross-Cultural Themes Series. Author, Peter T. Furst. Edition, illustrated, reprint. Publisher, Chandler & Sharp, ISBN, , Hallucinogens and Culture has 34 ratings and 1 review. Blair said: A guy who works at Loui’s gave me this book when he saw I was reading Terence McKenna . HALLUCINOGENS AND CULTURE by PETER T. FURST. San. Francisco: Chandler & Sharp Publishers, Inc., pp. $ Reviewed by William.
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For not only do members of Bwiti practice communion, employing eboka instead of bread, but they also boast of the efficacy of eboka over bread in its power to give visions of the dead. Also, strictly speaking, its best-known modern product, marihuana, the “new social drug,” is not a psychedelic but an euphoriant.
Ibogaine is derived from an equatorial African bush, Tabernanthe iboga, whose hallucinogenic roots are employed in the Bwiti ancestor cult, the MBieri curing cult, and other nativistic religious movements in tropical sub-Saharan West Africa. Professor Schultes also read the manuscript for botanical-pharmacological accuracy, but he is obviously not responsible for any shortcomings.
Anthropologist Johannes Wilbert personal communication notes that various North and South American Indian societies share a tradition that in giving tobacco to the people the supernaturals failed to hold any back for themselves “not even one pipe,” the Fox quote the Gentle Manitou.
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Achillea, whose Anglo-Saxon name, yarrow, means “healer”; Althea, or hollyhock, whose Greek name likewise means “healer”; Senecio, one of whose common English names, groundsel, derives from an Anglo-Saxon word meaning “pus swallower,” and Ephedra, horsetail, a genus containing the well-known nerve stimulant ephedrine.
Want to Read Currently Reading Read. Another vulture be the identification of the seeds of morning glories as ahllucinogens sacred Aztec hallucinogen ololiuhqui inand the startling finding nearly twenty years later that its active principles are closely related to lysergic acid derivatives.
Interestingly enough, ordeals of this type if not necessarily of the culturf intensity were not uncommon even in ancient Mexico, notwithstanding the widespread use of plant hallucinogens to achieve altered states of consciousness. Neither sassafras hallucniogens nor sassafras tea, however, have the reputation of nutmeg as a psychoactive agent Shulgin etal. Weston La Barre, James B.
Indeed, in the opinion of such authorities as Richard Evans Schultes, Director of Harvard’s Botanical Museum, it is precisely the function of these additives to the botanical hallucinogens that presents one of the most exciting challenges to the modern investigator of the psychedelic phenomenon in indigenous societies.
Hallucinogens and Culture (Chandler & Sharp series in cross-cultural themes)
Salt is strictly forbidden for the duration of the pilgrimage, and for many days before and after. But while his hypothesis may turst sound, for the present it must rest on circumstantial evidence. It was a sacred art, often an elaborate ceremonial lasting over many days, fully commensurate with the divine nature of tobacco and the metaphysical purposes for which the pipe was intended.
According to Weil, this completely erroneous idea, whose origins are a mystery, occasionally still surfaces in the United States. There is hllucinogens a third group, comprising the alcohols, but these are beyond the scope of this book, even though alcohol is of course a drug and is in fact widely employed for ritual intoxication, rather cklture the vegetal hallucinogens.
Hallucinogens And The Sacred Deer Hallucinoegns i Preface It is hoped that hqllucinogens following pages will demonstrate something of the essential xulture between nature and culture— between chemistry, mind set, and social and historical setting— in the use of hallucinogenic plants and other psychoactive substances by different peoples the world over.
Because I want to devote more space in this chapter to the harmala alkaloids, whose subjective effects in psychotherapy sometimes strikingly resemble those reported from the aboriginal cultural context, the discussion of ibogaine will be limited to a summary of its role in African cults for a wider discussion of its application to psychiatry see Naranjo’s The Healing Journey, pp. John Hughes and H. Less well-known perhaps is the fact that in large doses nutmeg acts on the central nervous system as an hallucinogenic intoxicant, though, let it be said at once, with bizarre physical and mental symptoms and with such distinctly unpleasant after-effects as extreme nausea, headache, dizziness, and dryness of the nose and throat.
Hallucinogens and Culture – Peter T. Furst – Google Books
The evidence, archaeological and otherwise, is such that we can say with certainty that most societies, if not culthre, that still employ hallucinogenic plants in their rituals have done so for centuries, not to say millennia. He has seen them. Still more await botanical and pharmacological identification beyond the native terms under which they appear in the ethnohistorical literature or reports of travelers and ethnographers.
The principal active alkaloid is mainly concentrated in the root bark, and it is this that the Fang employ for ecstatic inebriation, in the form of raspings, ground up as powder or soaked in water and drunk as an infusion. In the first decades of the sixteenth century, the Spanish conquerors of Mexico found the Indians there in possession of a considerable psychoactive pharmacopoeia that included several kinds of sacred mushrooms, peyote, Datura a genus that may not have been unfamiliar to the invaders since it also played a role in medieval European medicine and witchcraftan especially potent species of tobacco called picietl, and a variety of other native plants with strangely “otherworldly” effects whose chemistry has only recently been clarified.
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Sahagun mentions enemas in Aztec medicine, but does not tell us the purpose for which they were employed. Arab physicians set down its numerous therapeutic applications as gurst as the seventh century, but in Europe it is nowhere mentioned in literature until the twelfth century, and its source, the Banda Nutmeg Islands in the East Indies, was to remain unknown until the Portuguese reached them in Trivia About Hallucinogens and The massive initiatory dose is very much greater, from forty to sixty times the threshold dose, when the effects make hallucinogenx felt.
Enema syringes also appear in the pictorial art of the Moche civilization, which predates the Incas by more than a thousand years.
Among these alkaloids, the tryptamines are the most important hallucinogens Schultes,a. Powdered tobacco mixed with lime in the form of a quid or cud is also one of several ways in which Nicotiana was and is used among both the highland and lowland Maya, as it hallucinogens throughout Middle America Thompson, In the New World, in contrast, the ancestral lifeway of hunting and food gathering, and the religious beliefs and rituals adapted to this lifeway, persisted in time and space to a far greater extent than in the Old; and moreover, the fundamental shamanistic base was much better preserved, even in the agricultural religions of the hallucinoggens civilizations that rose in Mesoamerica and the Andes, as well as of simpler farming societies.
The ancient world is full of tales of nutmeg as a narcotic medicament with wondrous healing properties for a great variety of ailments, from kidney disease to chronic irritability to impotence.
This in the face of a vast body of scientific evidence, as freely available in print to legislators and the law- enforcement establishment as it is to the academic community!