Notes to Hasdai Crescas Rabbi Josef Ibn Shem Tov, the Hebrew translator, says that Crescas wrote another polemical book in Catalan based on quotations . Ḥasdai ben Abraham Crescas, (born , Barcelona?—died , Saragossa, Spain), Spanish philosopher, Talmudic scholar, and critic of the Aristotelian. Hasdai Crescas was a Spanish Jewish philosopher who lived from In The Jewish Religion, Rabbi Louis Jacobs described Crescas as “one of the.

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Crescas solves the second problem by saying that the forbidden things are naturally bad.

It is also the reason why God reattribute’s only the actions that are under the control of one’s choice and the will of humans. Nevertheless, he kept his crescss.

Hasdai Crescas (Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy)

Hsadai cite this article click here for a list of acceptable citing formats. Ahsdai rejects the theories of Maimonides and Gersonides on this point. In this discussion, Crescas speaks of the different goals that the Torah fulfills.

He came from a family of scholars, and bywas known as a merchant and a community leader in Barcelona. Imprisoned with his teacher upon a false accusation of host desecration inhe suffered personal indignities because he was a Jew.

Hasdai Crescas

We can conclude that in spite of the lack of direct influence, Crescas definitely had an important indirect influence on occidental philosophy, especially via his influence on Spinoza. In Aristotle’s opinion, two bodies crescs share the same space because of the property of dimension. In Crescas’s opnion, free will, in the sense of an originative cause that is itself uncaused, to decide and act does not really exist. It would seem that a robust freedom of choice is essential to maintaining the significance of God’s commandments.

Please note that our editors may make some formatting changes or correct spelling or grammatical errors, and may also contact you if any clarifications are needed. The reason for this immortality of the soul is that the soul is a spiritual substance with a potential for knowledge.


Ḥasdai ben Abraham Crescas | Spanish philosopher |

We can summarize that in his polemic works Crescas has hasddai polemical goal, and in his philosophical works he has a philosophical goal. These chapters are not based on the determinist book of Abner, and Ravitzky thinks that they are anterior to the other chapters and exist almost verbatim in the Passover sermon.

In universities and the research world there is a relatively large amount of interest in his original philosophy, and a substantial number of scholars of medieval Jewish philosophy consider Crescas to be the second most important medieval Jewish philosopher after Maimonides.

But in the later stage Crescas constructed a new opinion. God’s omniscience embraces all the innumerable individual beings; God has knowledge of what is as yet not in existence; God knows which of crsscas possibilities will happen, though the nature of the possible is not altered by this. His only son died in a massacre crescae Barcelona ina martyr for his faith, during the anti-Judaic persecutions of that period.

The second book was to have been a work on Jewish law. New World Encyclopedia writers and editors rewrote and completed the Wikipedia article in accordance with New World Encyclopedia standards.

Ḥasdai ben Abraham Crescas

While Crescas hasdak not occupy an official position as rabbi, he seems to have been active as a teacher. On this subject see Ravitzky ; Touati ; Ackerman ; Bleich ; Feldman and ; and Harvey, and Sadik According to this opinion Crescas thinks that the use of will and choice are the criteria for retribution but are not free at all.

According to Ackerman b, this text is not from Crescas and so there is no indication that the Kabbalah had any influence on Crescas.

Reception and influence We can distinguish between the influence of Crescas on Jewish philosophy and his influence on general occidental philosophy. Sign in Create an account. As a spiritual substance, the soul crecsas no opponent between its different parts and any causes of loss.

The Torah helps people to fulfill their different worldly goals, such as their relation to themselves health, morality, etc. The creation of the world The survival of the soul after death Reward and Punishment as per degree of conformity to the divine commandments Resurrection The eternity of the Torah The prophetic stature of Moses The Urim and Tumim a mystical tool of the High Priest through which he could ask God questions The Messiah There are three specific obligatory beliefs related hwsdai special religious obligations: Crescas is not a part of the very limited group of medieval Jewish philosophers whose major philosophical works have been translated into Latin in particular Maimonides, Rabbi Isaac Israeli, and Rabbi Shlomo Ibn Gabirol.


Gabirol added a peculiar doctrine concerning the divine will by which all lesser beings are created, substituting Will for Logos. This profound sadness is equivalent to the fire of hell. Religious tradition is so heavily in favor of the assumption that the world crescaw matter are created, and Gersonides ‘ counter-reasoning is so inconclusive, that Crescas regards the denial of creation as heterodox.

The opinion that human attributes and divine attributes are common in essence but divergent in quantity. The law of causality is so all-pervasive that human conduct can not withdraw itself from its operations.

A legal book against his Mishneh Torah crescs, in which Crescas would critique Maimonides’ legal method, and especially his lack of citations from earlier authorities. Mirror Sites View this site from another server: These kinds of critiques were very popular in the Renaissance and at the beginning of the modern period. The pogroms of had a decisive influence on the life of Crescas and on the entire Spanish Jewish community.

Whatever theory one chooses to believe, however, does not affect belief in miracles and revelation. For example, if we cresvas a person hesitating between two options from the causes that influence him, such as his education and the influence of society, then we might think that this person truly chooses to do either of the two options.