Grounded in naturally-occurring language data and drawing on findings from linguistic pragmatics and social psychology, Jonathan Culpeper. Politeness and Impoliteness Jonathan Culpeper (Lancaster University) 1. Introduction Thirty or so years ago politeness was a specialist, even somewhat. Impoliteness strategies. Jonathan Culpeper. Uploaded by. Jonathan Culpeper. Loading Preview. Sorry, preview is currently unavailable. You can download the .

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This elaboration goes well beyond simple lexically and grammatically defined output strategies or simple social variables.

Let us survey some of those definitions and approaches. Multiple goals in courtroom discourse, Journal of Language and Social Psychology, 9, But they did not back this up with a suitable methodology one which is more qualitative in nature and thus able to handle the complexityand subsequent researchers often chose to ignore it.

It does not suit politeness to place a relatively restricted notion of intention at its centre. Of course, it is not the case that such conventionalised formulae — the stuff of anticipated politeness — constitute the only way politeness is conveyed and understood. Brown and Levinson’s discussion of politeness is confined to this kind of redressive facework.

Politeness and Impoliteness | Jonathan Culpeper –

Face is treated as discursively constructed within situated interactions. This may sound implausible, but Leech is talking about the expression of impolite beliefs. Bernal, Maria Do insults always insult? Indeed, Penelope Brown and Stephen Levinson’s book — the book that was to become so culoeper to the area — was in fact bundled with another piece on questions and published as part of a collection edited by Esther Goody.


I conducted a study of impoliteness events reported by British undergraduates.

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The term is perhaps most commonly used in English in the idiom “losing face”, meaning that one’s public image suffers some damage, often resulting in humiliation or embarrassment. Also, they include impolite behaviour within the scope of relational work, whilst avoiding presenting it as a simple dichotomy with politeness. Politeness is achieved on the basis of a generalised implicature when an expression x is uttered in a context with which — based on the addressee’s previous experience of similar contexts — expression x regularly co- occurs.

Meier see politeness as a matter of doing what is appropriate, but Watts is clearly right in allowing for the fact that people frequently do more than what is called for.

I noted in section 2.

From impoliteness strategies to impoliteness triggers There is an alternative way of conceiving of impoliteness strategies, and it is one that focuses much more on the idea that a strategy involves something that is routine, that is a known regularity within a particular community, rather than an abstract way of getting something done.

Journal of Pragmatics 12 4: A framework that moves beyond a focus on the individual’s strategic choice in cjlpeper FTAs cf. impolliteness

The surge in politeness studies has had profound effects on the study of pragmatics. Journal of American Folklore Strategies The strategy in an impoliteness strategy A taxonomy of impoliteness strategies Are the impoliteness strategies valid?

I understand conventionalisation here in the same way as Terkourafi e. Types and functions of impolite utterances. Cambridge University Press Amazon. Linguistics and the Education of Language Teachers: Conversely, then, a characteristic of conventionally impolite formulae is that they are challenged. A threat would lead to a counter-threat. The point here is that politeness is not just determined by a particular strategy. It is no surprise then that the methodological flavour of the dominant sociolinguistics paradigm, that of Labov, with its emphasis on quantification, affected subsequent politeness studies.


The message conveyed is partially mixed: Such implicatures may be denied. Specifically, these studies have concentrated on how clupeper employ communicative strategies to maintain or promote social harmony: The other is that the list of maxims is open-ended.

Section 3 of this chapter focuses more closely on the new burgeoning subfield of impoliteness.

Sperber, Dan and Deirdre Wilson Relevance: The sheer complexity of context is daunting, encompassing not only aspects of the world relevant to communication, but also their cognitive representation, their emergence in dynamic discourse, different participant perspectives on them and their negotiation in discourse, and so on. Austin ; Searle and Gricean implicature Gricewhich, separately or together, do not offer an adequate account of communication, or of politeness in particular.

The use of the word please is more typical of British culture than North American, being used about mipoliteness as frequently Biber et al.