Ligeti Etudes, Book I: An Analysis and premier livre () by Hungarian composer György Ligeti. . comments for Désordre, Fanfares, and Arc-en-ciel. In Ligeti’s own description of the piano etudes he tell that they are “etudes in a 5: Arc-en-ciel – melody and harmony resembles a raimbow. Arc-en-ciel Lyrics: Instrumental. Arc-en-ciel. György Ligeti “Arc-en-ciel” Track Info. Written By György Ligeti. Music Video.

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These are the questions we will try to answer in this chapter, remembering what G.

Études (Ligeti) – Wikipedia

Evans studied classical piano when he was young, and his classical music background enhanced his pianistic technique and other aspects in his jazz improvisation. The Etudes are conventionally regrouped in 3 books, composed during the period between and and they constitute a milestone in the history of music for piano and in the dn of composition.

The etude is characterized by an African pygmies clavevery similar to a Cakewalk or Rag-tim e 22 syncopated rhythm, and like in rag-timechords are formed by two couples of fifths:. Also Ligeti footnotes the opening measure: We will return on this topic treating etudes Fem and Fanfares. But what is the measure of this influence?

In other words, etudes perfectly combine virtuoso technical problems with expressive content, like rarely was done in the second half of the 20 th century. Ligeti, fragment from second Prelude: This lament motive also resembles Transylvanian funeral laments. Finally, Ligeti gives a very strong prove of jazz fonting in the last part of the etudes: The rhythmic lag grows until when the listener is not anymore able to recognize which melody leads on ciek other.


Right hand plays white keys while left hand plays black ones.

Influence of Tango Nuevo, Slavonian Folk and Jazz Music on G. Ligeti’s “Etudes pour piano” |

While one hand holds down various clusters sounding them or notthe other executes very quick chromatic figures, probably impossible to human-perform at great speed, without the use of such of technique. He did not say much about jazz theory, but expressed his thought simply through his playing. As a matter of fact, the originality of the compositional liyeti used in the 3 books is really meaningful: Harmony is mostly in minor, cie, using minor 9 th and major 7 ligei chords. Ligeti Works for Piano.

The melody is counterpointed by arpeggios on the principal note almost always the 7 th or 9 th of the chord and the harmony is relatively simple, using chord of maj7 and min9 Each phrase mainly descends in semitones, but with occasional upward leaps.

Collier, Cooper, Azzi and Martin. Subdivision is provided that divides a measure in the treble part into three, while the bass part is divided into two. The title Blocked aarc how we already wrote about, refers to a very interesting pianistic technique whereby one hand plays a rapid even succession of notes in a chromatic scale while the other hand blocks cuel keys by keeping them silently depressed, affecting the rhythm pattern.

Notes 60 March 03, Cordes a vide, Here is a list of the 18 preludes with their title Ligeti gave a title only after the composition of the musical material.

Influence of Tango Nuevo, Slavonian Folk and Jazz Music on G. Ligeti’s “Etudes pour piano”

The compositions for the player-piano and computer-generated images from chaos theory and fractals are ideas that Ligeti uses in his etudes. The hemiola Ligeti used is an inspiration taken from ligwti Romantic-era piano music of Chopin and Schumann.


The metric cycle is circular and irregular, strongly polyrhythmic structure. He gave his gratitude especially to ethnomusicologist Simha Aron, who developed a kind of rhythm that divides twelve beats into 3: The character of this etude is less aggressive than the first one.

The etude is characterized by ej African pygmies clavevery similar to a Cakewalk or Rag-tim e 22 syncopated rhythm, and like in rag-timechords are formed by two couples of fifths: Evans biography Shimha Arom. Anyway the title fanfares, suggests a folk Slavic brass formation.

Their directness of communication, innovative rhythmic texture and virtuosic pianism place them among the most attractive and important works of contemporary piano literature.

The accompaniment is in hemiola. Six Dances in Een Rhythm G.

Études (Ligeti)

Another perpetual motion etude, the constant quaver pattern that one plays is incongruent with that one hears. He employed innovative voicings based on his classical training.

Cordes a vide, Eric Drott analyzed the harmonic structure of this prelude in the book: As such, his pianistic approach in the etudes he composed generally follows the concepts of composers who he believes thought and composed pianistically. However, the complicated, yet highly organized configuration does not detract from poetic expression. Here is a comparison between Cordes a vide and a milonga.

The following figure illustrates the first three phrases in the top voice of Arc-en-ciel: